What is the name of the toxin that lead to scarlet fever?

What is the name of the toxin that lead to scarlet fever?

Streptococcal pyrogenic exotoxins A, B, and C (speA, speB, and speC) have been identified. The pyrogenic exotoxins are also called erythrogenic toxins and cause the erythematous rash of scarlet fever.

What is the biological cause of scarlet fever?

Scarlet fever is caused by an erythrogenic toxin, a substance produced by the bacterium Streptococcus pyogenes (group A strep. ) when it is infected by a certain bacteriophage. Figure: Scarlet Fever: The rosy cheeks and white area around the mouth are typical symptoms of scarlet fever.

What is the difference between strep throat and scarlet fever?

Individuals with strep throat frequently have fever and an inflamed, painful throat with swelling of the tonsils. Patients with scarlet fever may have all of the symptoms associated with strep throat, plus a fine, reddish rash.

Is scarlet fever an autoimmune disease?

Rheumatic fever is an inflammatory autoimmune disease that may develop after an infection with group A Streptococcus bacteria (such as strep throat or scarlet fever). The disease can affect the heart, joints, skin, and brain.

What organisms does scarlet fever infect?

Scarlet fever is essentially a bacterial infection that leads to a typical pink-red rash. It is caused by an organism Streptococcus and is seen rarely in developed countries like United Kingdom these days.

What are the after effects of scarlet fever?

Other possible long term effects of scarlet fever can be hearing impairment,meningitis,an inflammation of the membrances covering the brain and spinal cord. Another side effect can be pneumonia,an infection of the lungs.

What is the treatment for scarlet fever?

Scarlet fever is treated with antibiotics, usually penicillin or azithromycin. In addition to antibiotic treatment, patients with scarlet fever and severe throat symptoms may try: Acetaminophen ( Tylenol ) or ibuprofen ( Advil , Motrin and others) to relieve pain and reduce fever.

How does scarlet fever affect the heart?

scarlet fever can cause heart arrhythmias and leaky valves. Scarlet fever is due to a strptococcla infection, one protein in this bacteria is similar to a protein found in the heart, and when the body produces chemicals against this protein in the bacteria, it sometimes damages the heart too.

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