What did the New South produce?

What did the New South produce?

New enterprises included cotton mills, iron forges, and commercial fertilizer manufacturing plants (by 1877 South Carolina alone was shipping more than 100,000 tons of fertilizer to foreign markets). The number of cotton mills rose from 161 in 1880 to 400 in 1900. Cottonseed oil also became a major Southern industry.

What products were produced in the south?

What are the main crops grown in the South? The cash crops of the southern colonies included cotton, tobacco, rice, and indigo (a plant that was used to create blue dye). In Virginia and Maryland, the main cash crop was tobacco. In South Carolina and Georgia, the main cash crops were indigo and rice.

What was the most successful industry in the New South?

With the textile industry beginning to boom and industrialization in full force, the number of cotton mills in the south increased from 161 to 400 after the Civil War.

Which Southern product was key to Northern industrialization?

IV. Changes in Labor Organization. While industrialization bypassed most of the American South, southern cotton production nevertheless nurtured industrialization in the Northeast and Midwest. The drive to produce cloth transformed the American system of labor.

What is the New South movement?

The term “New South” refers to the economic shift from an exclusively agrarian society to one that embraced industrial development. These natural resources drew investors to Alabama, and from 1880 to 1890, the manufacture of iron products came to dominate industry in Alabama.

Why did the South lack industrialization?

The major reason that industry did not take off in the South was slavery. By the time that industry arose in the rest of the US, slavery was so entrenched in the South that industry could not take hold. So the main barrier between the South and industrialization was slavery.

What products did the Southern Colonies export?

The Southern Colonies concentrated on agriculture and developed the plantations exporting tobacco, cotton, corn, vegetables, grain, fruit and livestock.

What was life like in the New South?

Although textile mills and tobacco factories emerged in the South during this time, the plans for a New South largely failed. By 1900, per-capita income in the South was forty percent less than the national average, and rural poverty persisted across much of the South well into the twentieth century.

Who was the founder of the New South?

Henry W. Grady, a newspaper editor in Atlanta, Georgia, coined the phrase the “New South” in 1874. He urged the South to abandon its longstanding agrarian economy for a modern economy grounded in factories, mines, and mills. Although textile mills and tobacco factories emerged in the South during this time, the plans for a New South largely failed.

How did the Second Industrial Revolution affect the south?

But the dynamic and expansive economic growth that came to the North in consequence of the Second Industrial Revolution largely bypassed the South. Proponents of the New South wanted the nation’s southern states to remake themselves along similar lines. There were some New South successes.

What did the radicals do for reconstruction in the south?

The Radicals put forth their own plan of Reconstruction in the Wade–Davis Bill, which Congress passed on July 2, 1864; it required not 10 percent but a majority of the white male citizens in each Southern state to participate in the reconstruction process, and it insisted upon an oath of past, not just of future, loyalty.

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