What are the 3 monomers of nucleic acids?

What are the 3 monomers of nucleic acids?

Nucleic acids are biopolymers, or large biomolecules, essential to all known forms of life. They are composed of nucleotides, which are the monomers made of three components: a 5-carbon sugar, a phosphate group and a nitrogenous base.

What are the monomers and polymers for nucleic acids?

In case of nucleic acids, monomers are the nucleotides composed of nitrogenous base, pentose sugar, and phosphate group whereas DNA and RNA are considered as polymer of nucleic acids. DNA and RNA are composed of monomers termed as nucleotides.

Which of these are monomers?

The monomers of these organic groups are:

  • Carbohydrates – monosaccharides.
  • Lipids – glycerol and fatty acids.
  • Nucleic acids – nucleotides.
  • Proteins – amino acids.

What are the 4 types of DNA monomers?

There are four main monomers: amino acids, nucleotides, monosaccharides and fatty acids. These monomers form the basic types of macromolecules: proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates and lipids.

What atoms make up nucleic acid?

Nucleic acids. They are biological macromolecules ( polymers ) made up of many smaller molecules ( monomers ) called nucleotides , Nucleic acids are composed of hydrogen , oxygen , nitrogen , carbon and phosphorus atoms .

What elements make up nucleic acid molecules?

The Elements of Nucleic acids function as the blueprints for life, able to hold the genetic information that will be translated into proteins. The nucleic acids are made out of five primary elements: phosphorus, nitrogen, oxygen, carbon, and hydrogen.

What are the four nucleotides?

Nucleotides are composed of three subunit molecules: a nucleobase, a five-carbon sugar ( ribose or deoxyribose ), and a phosphate group consisting of one to three phosphates. The four nucleobases in DNA are guanine, adenine, cytosine and thymine; in RNA, uracil is used in place of thymine.

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