Who was involved in the liberation of Le Quesnoy?

Who was involved in the liberation of Le Quesnoy?

New Zealand soldiers
On November 4 in 1918, New Zealand soldiers liberated the small French town of Le Quesnoy. We look at this little known part of our history and the links that endure 100 years on. On November 4 in 1918, New Zealand soldiers liberated the small French town of Le Quesnoy.

What happened during Le Quesnoy?

The Germans held Le Quesnoy for almost the entire war, from August 1914 through to its dramatic liberation on 4 November 1918. The New Zealanders scaled a ladder set against the ancient walls of the town and took the remaining Germans as prisoners.

How long was the battle of Le Quesnoy?

77 days
As the only colonial division in the British Third Army, it was to lead that army’s “March to Victory in 1918”. Over 77 days, from Hebuterne to Le Quesnoy, the New Zealanders led the way for 49 of the 56 hard fought miles to Le Quesnoy.

What is the NZ link to Le Quesnoy?

Le Quesnoy retains links to New Zealand, with some streets named for prominent New Zealanders, including Averill. Since 1999, it has been twinned with Cambridge.

Where in NZ is the National War Museum?

The National War Memorial of New Zealand is located next to the New Zealand Dominion Museum building on Buckle Street, in Wellington, the nation’s capital. The war memorial was dedicated in 1932 on Anzac Day in commemoration of the First World War.

How many New Zealand soldiers died in Le Quesnoy?

Of the 122 New Zealanders who died during the capture of Le Quesnoy, the Rifle Brigade sustained the most losses, with 43 men killed and 251 wounded. Other units of the New Zealand Division involved in the battle lost 79 men killed and about 125 wounded.

What is another name for a war memorial?

What is another word for war memorial?

monument memorial
cenotaph cairn
shrine headstone
obelisk tombstone
gravestone marker

Who is responsible for war memorials in Australia?

the Council
(1) There is established by this section a Council by the name of the Council of the Australian War Memorial. (2) The Council is responsible for the conduct and control of the affairs of the Memorial and the policy of the Memorial with respect to any matters shall be determined by the Council.

Who designed the Australian War Memorial?

Emil Sodersten
John Crust
Australian War Memorial/Architects

Two entrants, Sydney architects Emil Sodersteen and John Crust were invited to submit a combined design which ultimately formed the basis for the building which was constructed. The inauguration stone for the site on which the Memorial now stands was unveiled by the Governor General on Anzac Day 1929.

Why is the cenotaph called the Cenotaph?

The English word “cenotaph” derives from the Greek: κενοτάφιον kenotaphion (κενός kenos, meaning “empty”, and τάφος taphos, “tomb”—from θαπτω thapto, I bury). Cenotaphs were common in the ancient world. Many were built in Ancient Egypt, Ancient Greece and across Northern Europe (in the shape of Neolithic barrows).

Who is responsible for maintaining war memorials?

The best known are probably the Commonwealth War Graves Commission, English Heritage, the Royal British Legion and War Memorials Trust. But there are many more, less familiar such as the UK National Inventory of War Memorials, that devote themselves to the recording, protecting and maintaining London’s war memorials.

Who was involved in the Battle of Le Quesnoy?

By late October, the New Zealand Division, commanded by Major General Andrew Russell, along with part of the British Third Army, had advanced to the west of the town of Le Quesnoy. The Battle of the Sambre, which was planned to begin on 4 November, was the next phase of the Allied advance.

Why was Le Quesnoy important to New Zealand?

The capture of the French town of Le Quesnoy by the New Zealand Division on 4 November 1918 has special significance in New Zealand’s military history. This is not merely because it was the last major action by the New Zealanders in the Great War – the armistice followed a week later – but also because of the particular way it was captured.

How many prisoners were taken in Le Quesnoy?

They captured two field guns, eight mortars and 18 machine guns. In all some 700 prisoners were taken in Le Quesnoy itself. There are 49 graves of New Zealand soldiers in Le Quesnoy Communal Cemetery Extension and 106 in the nearby Romeries Communal Cemetery Extension from these actions.

What was the German position in Le Quesnoy?

Le Quesnoy was in the sector of Army Group Crown Prince Rupprecht of Bavaria, with the area garrisoned by the German 22nd Division. The division was well understrength. Its Infantry Regiment 167 held the main defensive position, along the Cambrai railway line to the west of Le Quesnoy. This was the main line of defence for the Germans.

Share this post