Table of Contents
- 1 Which is the correct statement about the preparatory reaction?
- 2 What is the main purpose of the preparatory reaction?
- 3 What is the input and products of the preparatory phase?
- 4 Where do the phases of the preparatory reaction in the citric acid cycle and the electron transport chain take place in the cell?
Which is the correct statement about the preparatory reaction?
Which is a correct statement about the preparatory reaction? NAD+ goes to NADH + H+ as acetyl-CoA forms. Where does the preparatory reaction take place within the cell? The molecule that is found at the beginning and end of the citric acid cycle is…
What is preparatory reaction?
The Preparatory Reaction This reaction occurs in the matrix, or interior, of the mitochondria of cells. Here, the two pyruvate molecules from glycolysis are combined with two coenzyme A (CoA) molecules to produce two acetyl-CoA molecules and two carbon dioxide (CO2) molecules.
What type of reaction is the preparatory reaction?
The second phase is the preparatory reaction phase. This phase is called so because it prepares the substrate molecule that will enter the citric acid cycle. Here, each of the two pyruvate molecules is broken down from a 3-carbon molecule to a 2-carbon acetyl molecule.
What is the main purpose of the preparatory reaction?
What is the purpose of the preparatory reaction? It produces a substrate that helps the citric acid cycle.
Where does the preparatory reaction take place within the cell quizlet?
Where does it occur? – Preparatory reaction is so called because it occurs before the citric acid cycle. In this reaction, pyruvate is converted to a 2-carbon acetyl group attached to coenzyme A, or CoA, and CO2 is given off. – It occurs in the matrix of the mitochondria.
Why is fermentation essential to humans?
Without oxygen, some human cells must use fermentation to produce ATP, and this process produces only two molecules of ATP per molecule of glucose. Although fermentation produces less ATP, it has the advantage of doing so very quickly.
What is the input and products of the preparatory phase?
in the preparatory reaction, two pyruvate molecules are converted to acetyl-groups and CO2. the two-carbon acetyl-groups are then carried into the citric acid cycle in the mitochondrial matrix by a molecule called CoA.
Which of the following takes place during the preparatory reactions?
During the preparatory reactions (occurs twice per glucose molecule), Pyruvate is oxidized, and a CO2 molecule is given off. This is part of the CO2 we breathe out. NAD+ accepts electrons and hydrogen ions, forming NADH.
What is the importance of NADH and FADH2?
Cells of all living organisms need NADH and FADH2 (naturally occurring coenzymes) for energy production. During cellular respiration, the cells use these coenzymes to turn fuel from food into energy.
Where do the phases of the preparatory reaction in the citric acid cycle and the electron transport chain take place in the cell?
Like the conversion of pyruvate to acetyl CoA, the citric acid cycle in eukaryotic cells takes place in the matrix of the mitochondria. Unlike glycolysis, the citric acid cycle is a closed loop: The last part of the pathway regenerates the compound used in the first step.
What is a disadvantage of fermentation?
Disadvantages of fermentation are that production can be slow, the product is impure and needs to have further treatment and the production carries a high cost and more energy. IMPORTANCE OF FERMENTATION Fermentation is important to cells that don’t have oxygen or cells that don’t use oxygen because: 1.