What is chromosome and its work?
Chromosomes are thread-like structures located inside the nucleus of animal and plant cells. Each chromosome is made of protein and a single molecule of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA). Passed from parents to offspring, DNA contains the specific instructions that make each type of living creature unique.
What does a cell chromosome do?
Chromosomes are structures found in the center (nucleus) of cells that carry long pieces of DNA. DNA is the material that holds genes. It is the building block of the human body. Chromosomes also contain proteins that help DNA exist in the proper form.
What is the purpose of chromosomes in a cell?
Chromosomes are essential for the process of cell division and are responsible for the replication, division, and creation of daughter cells that contain correct sequences of DNA and proteins.
What is the job of the cell chromosomes?
Chromosomes carry genes. They are responsible for making the organisms what they are by helping a cell to grow, expand, and reproduce . These and other functions of chromosomes have been elucidated below. Chromosomes are thread-like, systematized structures that are made up of a combination of DNA and protein, found in the nuclei of cells.
What is important about chromosomes in a cell?
Why are chromosomes important? Chromosomes are located in the nucleus of each cell containing the DNA comprising genes. Genes are passed from parent to child making each of us unique. In other words, chromosomes make you, you. Having the correct number of chromosomes is critically important to having a successful pregnancy.
What is the structure and function of chromosomes?
A chromosome is an organized structure of DNA and protein that is found in nucleus of the cell. It is a single piece of coiled DNA containing many genes, regulatory elements and other nucleotide sequences. Chromosomes also contain DNA-bound proteins, which serve to package the DNA and control its functions.