What countries did Britain take control of?

What countries did Britain take control of?

Britain gained control of Palestine, Transjordan, Iraq, parts of Cameroon and Togoland, and Tanganyika. The Dominions themselves acquired mandates of their own: the Union of South Africa gained South West Africa (modern-day Namibia), Australia gained New Guinea, and New Zealand Western Samoa.

What European country gained control of Cape Colony from the Dutch?

British conquest In 1795, France occupied the Seven Provinces of the Dutch Republic, the mother country of the Dutch United East India Company. This prompted Great Britain to occupy the Cape Colony in 1795 as a way to better control the seas in order to stop any potential French attempt to reach India.

Did the British gain control of South Africa?

The country became a fully sovereign nation state within the British Empire, in 1934 following enactment of the Status of the Union Act. The monarchy came to an end on 31 May 1961, replaced by a republic as the consequence of a 1960 referendum, which legitimised the country becoming the Republic of South Africa.

What countries did Britain control in the 19th century?

The British Empire in the Nineteenth Century

  • Canada.
  • Australia and New Zealand.
  • India.
  • Africa.
  • Imperial Britain.

Who defeated the British Empire?

By 1945, however, colonies were an expensive liability for Clement Attlee’s newly elected Labour government. The United States’ rising global influence and its opposition to imperialism made colonialism less politically viable, while Japan’s wartime victories had destroyed Britain’s imperial prestige.

When did the British take control of the Cape Colony?

The British occupied the Cape in 1795, ending the Dutch East India Company’s role in the region. Although the British relinquished the colony to the Dutch in the Treaty of Amiens (1802), they reannexed it in 1806 after the start of the Napoleonic Wars.

How did the British gain control in South Africa?

The British wanted to control South Africa because it was one of the trade routes to India. However, when gold and diamonds were discovered in the 1860s-1880s their interest in the region increased. This brought them into conflict with the Boers.

What was the outcome of the Second Anglo-Boer War?

Subsequently, several conflicts arose between the British, Boers and Zulus, which led to the Zulu defeat and the ultimate Boer defeat in the Second Anglo-Boer War. However, the Treaty of Vereeniging established the framework of South African limited independence as the Union of South Africa .

When did the British take over the Cape Colony?

During the Napoleonic Wars, the Cape Colony was annexed by the British and officially became their colony in 1815. Britain encouraged settlers to the Cape, and in particular, sponsored the 1820 Settlers to farm in the disputed area between the colony and the Xhosa in what is now the Eastern Cape.

What did the Treaty of Vereeniging do for South Africa?

However, the Treaty of Vereeniging established the framework of South African limited independence as the Union of South Africa . At the tip of the continent, the British found an established colony with 25,000 slaves, 20,000 white colonists, 15,000 Khoisan, and 1,000 freed black slaves.

Who was the first Indian ruler to fight against the British?

Puli Thevar, is notable for being the first Indian ruler to fight against the British rule in India. [20] Pazhassi Raja , fought the British in a series of continuous struggles for 13 years during the Cotiote War .

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