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How were the ones who resisted collectivization treated?

How were the ones who resisted collectivization treated?

Those who resisted collectivisation were severely punished. Many were deported and exiled. As they resisted collectivisation, peasants argued that they were not rich and they were not against socialism. They merely did not want to work in collective farms for a variety of reasons.

What did Stalin do for peasants?

Stalin ordered the collectivisation of farming, a policy pursued intensely between 1929-33. Collectivisation meant that peasants would work together on larger, supposedly more productive farms. Almost all the crops they produced would be given to the government at low prices to feed the industrial workers.

What happened as a result of collectivization?

The application of various administrative pressures—including punitive measures—resulted in the recollectivization of one-half of the peasants by 1931. By 1936 the government had collectivized almost all the peasantry. This caused a major famine in the countryside (1932–33) and the deaths of millions of peasants.

How did collectivization effect peasants quizlet?

Terms in this set (14) What did the peasants do that went against collectivisation? Presents refuse to handover the animals, preferring to slaughter them and eat or sell the meat. They burnt crops, tools and houses rather than hand them over to the state.

How were Russian peasants different from European peasants?

Russian peasants different from European peasants because they pooled their land together periodically and their village commune (mir) divided it according to the needs of individual families.

Did collectivization lead to Holodomor?

Holodomor — The name of the man-made famine of 1932 and 1933that killed millions of Soviet citizens, most of them Ukrainians. Collectivization policies and the Soviet government’s seizure of grain have been blamed for the mass starvation.

Why did collective farming fail?

Blaming shortages on kulak sabotage, authorities favored urban areas and the army in distributing what supplies of food had been collected. The resulting loss of life is estimated as at least five million. To escape from starvation, large numbers of peasants abandoned collective farms for the cities.

Why did the kulaks resist collectivization?

Stalin and the CPSU blamed the prosperous peasants, referred to as ‘kulaks’ (Russian: fist), who were organizing resistance to collectivization. Allegedly, many kulaks had been hoarding grain in order to speculate on higher prices, thereby sabotaging grain collection.

Was collectivization successful in Russia?

By the end of February 1930, the party claimed that half of all peasant households had been collectivised – a stunning success. In reality, it was an agricultural disaster on a huge scale. Rnowing that further peasant resistance could lead to the collapse of grain production, Stalin backtracked.

What did collectivization do to the peasantry?

Collectivization, policy adopted by the Soviet government, pursued most intensively between 1929 and 1933, to transform traditional agriculture and to reduce the economic power of prosperous peasants. Under collectivization the peasantry were forced to give up their individual farms and join large collective farms.

What was the result of collectivisation in the USSR?

The famine of 1932-34 The end results of the government’s policy was the death of millions of peasants in the Ukraine, the north Caucasus, Kazakhstan and other parts of the USSR. It is clear that the famine of 1932-34 was man-made and a direct result of collectivisation.

What was the main problem with collectivisation after 1934?

Collectivisation after 1934 The main problem was lack of incentive – peasants had nothing to work for. They were supposed to get a share in profits of the farm but there never were any profits. The only resistance left was passive resistance – apathy, neglect and petty insubordination.

How did the peasants react to the kolkhozy?

But the peasants objected violently to abandoning their private farms. In many cases, before joining the kolkhozy they slaughtered their livestock and destroyed their equipment.

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