How many additional protocols are there in Geneva Convention?

How many additional protocols are there in Geneva Convention?

The Conventions have been expanded and supplemented by two further agreements: the Additional Protocols of 1977, relating to the protection of victims of armed conflicts, and the 2005 Additional Protocol III, relating to the adoption of an additional distinctive emblem.

What are the 4 different Geneva Conventions?

The conference developed four conventions, which were approved in Geneva on August 12, 1949: (1) the Convention for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded and Sick in Armed Forces in the Field, (2) the Convention for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded, Sick, and Shipwrecked Members of Armed …

What does Additional Protocol I say on the subject?

Additional Protocol I lays down rules on the how wars may be fought. Combatants must take all feasible precautions in choosing weapons and methods of warfare in order to avoid incidental loss of life, injury to civilians and damage to civilian objects.

What is the difference between the Geneva Conventions and their additional protocols in terms of application?

Common Article 3 provides minimum protection in non-international armed conflicts. Additional Protocol I supplements the protection afforded by the four Geneva Conventions in international armed conflict. For example, it provides protection for wounded, sick and shipwrecked civilians and civilian medical personnel.

What is additional protocol of Geneva Convention?

The Geneva Conventions and their Additional Protocols is a body of Public International Law, also known as the Humanitarian Law of Armed Conflicts, whose purpose is to provide minimum protections, standards of humane treatment, and fundamental guarantees of respect to individuals who become victims of armed conflicts.

What are the sources of IHL?

Sources of IHL

  • Battle of Solferino.
  • 1864 Geneva Convention.
  • Declaration of St Petersburg.
  • First Hague Peace Conference.
  • Second Hague Peace Conference.
  • Marten’s Clause.
  • 1925 Geneva Protocol.
  • Geneva Conventions.

What are the three additional protocols of Geneva Convention?

The Geneva Conventions of 1949 and their Additional Protocols

  • The First Geneva Convention protects wounded and sick soldiers on land during war.
  • The Second Geneva Convention protects wounded, sick and shipwrecked military personnel at sea during war.
  • The Third Geneva Convention applies to prisoners of war.

What does Additional protocol mean?

The Additional Protocol is not a stand-alone agreement, but rather a protocol to a safeguards agreement that provides additional tools for verification. In particular, it significantly increases the IAEA’s ability to verify the peaceful use of all nuclear material in States with comprehensive safeguards agreements.

What are the main IHL treaties?

International convention: The two main treaty sources of IHL are the Hague Convention (1907), setting out restrictions on the means and methods of warfare, and the four Geneva Conventions (GCs) (1949), providing protection to certain categories of vulnerable persons.

What was added to the Geneva Conventions in 1977?

In response, two Protocols Additional to the four 1949 Geneva Conventions were adopted in 1977. They strengthen the protection of victims of international (Protocol I) and non-international (Protocol II) armed conflicts and place limits on the way wars are fought.

What was the purpose of Protocol I to the Geneva Conventions?

1977 Additional Protocol I to the Geneva Conventions. Protocol I additional to the 1949 Geneva Conventions seeks to protect the victims of international armed conflicts. It regulates the conduct of hostilities and sets out basic rules on the use of weapons, means and methods of warfare.

What is the role of the ICRC in the Geneva Conventions?

The ICRC has a special role given by the Geneva Conventions: it handles, and is granted access to, the wounded, sick, and POWs. Article 3, Commonly Applied to All Four Protocols of the General Conventions. Article 3 of the Geneva Conventions covered, for the first time, situations of non-international armed conflicts.

How does Article 3 of the Geneva Convention work?

Common Article 3 functions like a mini-Convention within the larger Geneva Convention itself, and establishes fundamental rules from which no derogation is permitted, containing the essential rules of the Geneva Convention in a condensed format, and making them applicable to non-international conflicts.

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