# How are deep sea currents formed?

## How are deep sea currents formed?

At the earth’s poles, when water freezes, the salt doesn’t necessarily freeze with it, so a large volume of dense cold, salt water is left behind. When this dense water sinks to the ocean floor, more water moves in to replace it, creating a current. The new water also gets cold and sinks, continuing the cycle.

### What makes ocean currents move?

Ocean currents are driven by wind, water density differences, and tides. Oceanic currents describe the movement of water from one location to another.

#### How do ocean currents form and move water around the Earth?

Warm water is less dense than cold water. Cold water, dense with nutrients, is formed at the poles. When ocean water freezes, it leaves behind dense, salty water that sinks rapidly. Creation of this cold, dense water pushes deep water all around the world, forming ocean currents.

What controls the movement of deep ocean currents?

These deep-ocean currents are driven by differences in the water’s density, which is controlled by temperature (thermo) and salinity (haline). This process is known as thermohaline circulation. In the Earth’s polar regions ocean water gets very cold, forming sea ice.

What causes deep ocean currents to circulate?

In contrast to wind-driven surface currents, deep-ocean currents are caused by differences in water density. The process that creates deep currents is called thermohaline circulation—“thermo” referring to temperature and “haline” to saltiness. This water also cools and sinks, keeping a deep current in motion.

## What are the causes of deep ocean currents?

Pressure gradients. The hydrostatic pressure,p,at any depth below the sea surface is given by the equation p = gρz,where g is the acceleration of gravity,ρ is

• Coriolis effect. Earth’s rotation about its axis causes moving particles to behave in a way that can only be understood by adding a rotational dependent force.
• Frictional forces.
• ### What are deep ocean currents primarily driven by?

Deep ocean currents are driven by density and temperature gradients. Thermohaline circulation is also known as the ocean’s conveyor belt (which refers to deep ocean density-driven ocean basin currents). These currents, called submarine rivers, flow under the surface of the ocean and are hidden from immediate detection.

#### What are the four major ocean currents?

The gyre has a clockwise circular pattern and is formed by four prevailing ocean currents: the North Pacific Current to the north, the California Current to the east, the North Equatorial Current to the south, and the Kuroshio Current to the west.

What is responsible for deepwater currents?

Deep Ocean Currents. Deep ocean currents in oceans are caused by a large amount of sinking surface water. Surface water is the upper layer of water closest to the top surface.