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# Why the direction of current is opposite to the direction of electron?

## Why the direction of current is opposite to the direction of electron?

Electrons being negatively charged flow from the negative terminal to the positive terminal of the voltage source. So, the actual direction of current should be from negative to positive terminal. So, the current flow is considered in the direction opposite to the direction of flow of electrons.

## Can current flow in opposite directions?

Current can only flow in one direction. It’s just a question of which node has the higher voltage. The current will always go from the higher potential to the lower. Consider the current as water flowing in a pipe.

Which way does the current flow in electron flow theory?

Conventional Current assumes that current flows out of the positive terminal, through the circuit and into the negative terminal of the source. Electron Flow is what actually happens and electrons flow out of the negative terminal, through the circuit and into the positive terminal of the source.

Why is the direction of current opposite to the flow of charges yet we define current as the flow of charges?

Current is defined as rate of flow of charge. here charge is generally of electrons, which is negative, hence the direction of current is opposite to that of direction of motion of electrons. Current is defined as the charge flowing per unit time.

### What is electric current What is the conventional direction of electric current Why was this direction taken to represent the flow of electric current?

The direction of an electric current is by convention the direction in which a positive charge would move. Thus, the current in the external circuit is directed away from the positive terminal and toward the negative terminal of the battery. Electrons would actually move through the wires in the opposite direction.

### Can current flow both ways?

No, you cannot have multiple currents flowing in different directions in the same wire because all real wires have resistance. It will lead to inconsistencies with respect to other considerations, such as power dissipation.

Do currents cancel each other?

Ideally, the sizes of the currents in each are exactly the same and the magnetic fields therefore largely cancel each other. So at large enough distances, it will always be the zero-sequence current – the unbalance of the currents – that determines the magnetic field.

How can we decide the direction of electric current?

Hence the direction of current is determined by the signs of the charge ‘q’ and drift speed vd.

1. For electrons, q is negative and vd is positive. Then the product of q and vd is negative.
2. For positive charges, the product of q and \${{v}_{d}}\$ is positive.

## How can you determine the direction of conventional current?

The direction of the conventional current is from positive to the negative termianl of the battery. Where as the electrons flow from the negative terminal of the battery to the positive terminal of the battery which is exactly opposite to the conventional direction.

## Which theory of electrical current flow states that current flows from a negative location to a positive location in an electrical circuit?

The electron current flow theory says that current flow in a circuit is the movement of electrons through the conductors. Since the electrons have a negative charge and unlike charges attract each other, the electrons move from the negative terminal of the battery to the positive terminal.

Which is the opposite direction of electron flow?

Left to right. So *current* does flow from positive to negative, like your books say. And electrons do get pulled towards the negative charge, like you say. But we define electric current to be the opposite direction of electron flow.

When to use electron flow or conventional flow?

On the other hand, if we use electron flow notation to show the true direction of electron travel around the circuit, the diode’s arrow symbology seems backward: For this reason alone, many people choose to make conventional flow their notation of choice when drawing the direction of charge motion in a circuit.

### Is the flow of electrons the same as the charge?

It does not say negative charge or positive charge, but simply charge. As has been previously noted that charge can be the flow of electrons (negative charge), the flow of positive ions (positive charge), or both, depending on the nature of the conduction medium involved.

### Where can I find information about electron flow?

Electron flow is most often seen in introductory textbooks (this one is moving away from it, however) and in the writings of professional scientists, especially solid-state physicists who are concerned with the actual motion of electrons in substances.