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When did Hindi become the official language of India?
Later in 1950, the Constitution of India declared Hindi in the Devanagari script as the Official language of India. Apart from Hindi, English is also recognized as an Official Language of India. Different states of India identify their own official languages through legislation.
Are there any other official languages in India?
States within India have the liberty and powers to specify their own official language (s) through legislation. In addition to the official languages, the constitution recognizes 22 regional languages, which include Hindi but not English, as scheduled languages, that is not to be confused with the official status of the Union.
Which is the most widely spoken language in India?
States and union territories of India by the most commonly spoken official language. There is no national language in India. Part XVII of the Constitution of India designates Hindi as the official language of the Central Government and a clause “or in English” is added for carrying out daily official work.
Which is the official language of the Indian Commonwealth?
Status. Part XVII of the Indian Constitution deals with the official language of the Indian Commonwealth. Under Article 343, the official languages of the Union has been prescribed, which includes Hindi in Devanagari script and English: (1) The official language of the Union shall be Hindi in Devanagari script.
On 14 September 1949, the Constituent Assembly of India adopted Hindi written in the Devanagari script as the official language of the Republic of India replacing Urdu’s previous usage in British India.
How many dialects of Hindi are there in India?
After Maithili becoming a national language (included in the VIII Schedule of the Constitution of India along with 21 other languages), Hindi now has 48 officially recognized dialects (Census of India, 2001). Hindi and Urdu languages have their origins in Khariboli spoken in areas around Delhi.
Where does the origin of Hindi come from?
Hindi belongs to the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European language group. Later Hindi was influenced by Persian and the Mughals made their own modifications to the language along the way. Even though Hindi has evolved from Sanskrit, many of its words find their origin in Arabic or Persian.
Which is the official language of Chhattisgarh?
In Chhattisgarh, one of the dialects of Hindi, namely Chhattisgarhi, has recently been made the official language of the state. According to the Census of India, 2001, Hindi is spoken by 422,048,642 speakers which include the speakers of its various dialects and variations of speech grouped under Hindi.