Table of Contents
- 1 What form of government did the Incas have?
- 2 What land did the Incas control?
- 3 How was Inca society organized?
- 4 How were the Inca able to farm on the mountainous land?
- 5 How did the Inca society function?
- 6 When was the Chimu empire conquered by the Inca?
- 7 How did the US encroach on Native American lands?
- 8 When did the Indian Removal Act take place?
What form of government did the Incas have?
The Inca Empire was a federalist system which consisted of a central government with the Inca at its head and four quarters, or suyu: Chinchay Suyu (northwest), Antisuyu (northeast), Kuntisuyu (southwest), and Qullasuyu (southeast). The four corners of these quarters met at the center, Cusco.
What land did the Incas control?
At its height, the Inca Empire included Peru, western and south central Bolivia, southwest Ecuador and a large portion of what is today Chile, north of the Maule River.
How did the Inca come to power?
When the Incas were originally forming their power base around Cuzco, they formed alliances with a variety of different ethnic groups through intermarriage, so that the Inca ruler would marry the daughter of a local ethnic leader and then would give one of his daughters in reciprocal marriage to that local leader.
How was Inca society organized?
Inca society was based on a strictly organized class structure. There were three broad classes: The Emperor and his immediate family, nobles, and commoners. Throughout Inca society, people who were “Inca by blood” – those whose families were originally from Cuzco – held higher status than non-Incas.
How were the Inca able to farm on the mountainous land?
The Incas had to create flat land to farm since they lived in the mountains. They did this by creating terraces. Terraces were carved steps of land in the mountainside. Not only did this genius way of farming help them grow crops, it was also great for irrigation and preventing drought.
How did the Inca rulers maintain control of this vast territory?
Inspectors – In order to maintain control and to make sure people were paying their taxes and following the ways of the Inca, the Sapa Inca had inspectors that watched over the people. The inspectors were called “tokoyrikoq”. Military Generals – There were also military generals.
How did the Inca society function?
The Inca society was based around strict social classes. Few people had the opportunity to improve their social status. Once a person was born into a social class, that was where they would remain for the rest of their life. The Inca Empire was ruled by the ancestors of the original Inca people.
When was the Chimu empire conquered by the Inca?
The Chimu Empire was the last well developed civilization prior to the rise of the Inca. They built their capital city Chan Chan around 1200 AD and expanded their empire to include much of Peru. They were conquered by the Inca in 1476 AD.
What was the ownership of Native American land?
Native American land ownership involves a complex patchwork of titles, restrictions, obligations, statutes, and regulations. Extracting natural resources on Native American lands and distributing the associated revenue is a unique process involving many stakeholders.
How did the US encroach on Native American lands?
The expansion of the United States that encroached upon Native American lands occurred faster than many policymakers had predicted, with events such as the Mexican-American War in 1848 placing new territories and tribes under federal jurisdiction.
When did the Indian Removal Act take place?
May 28, 1830: President Andrew Jackson signs the Indian Removal Act, which gives plots of land west of the Mississippi River to Native American tribes in exchange for land that is taken from them. 1836: The last of the Creek Native Americans leave their land for Oklahoma as part of the Indian removal process.